Titanium is mainly used in the Automobile industry because it has some of the great properties which can surely reduce the maintenance cost and occurrence of dangerous chemicals and gases in the open air. Other than these two, there are many other benefits as well of using titanium metal instead of a typical exhaust pipe system in vehicles. In this discussion, we will focus on the purpose of using, applications, and comparison of titanium metal in exhaust pipe systems with stainless steel and typical exhaust pipes.
Purpose and Mode of Use:
The main technical features include heat resistance, corrosion resistance, and ductility. In many areas of the automobile industry, titanium is used in its alloyed form mostly, but if needed, its pure form is also used occasionally which is known to be 99.8% pure. Industries in US use grading system of this metal based on the quality when importing it. Different grades mean it becomes easier to determine the right alloy, pure metal and titanium metal’s required specifications for different purposes. Many major automobile companies export graded titanium tubes for exhaust system having their unique quality standards based on the consumer’s demand.
To remain environment friendly and healthy while using the latest technology, there are some basic measures which relevant producers must take to ensure the best quality of their product in terms of eco-friendly. One of such examples is of production of exhaust systems in the automobile industry with titanium metal. In a recent techno-mechanical research, scientist discovered that titanium exhaust tubes can easily meet the standards set by US-based environment agencies. Neither these tubes corrode nor do they pollute surroundings with harmful gases. Along with achieving the 100,000 miles upwards goal, weight reduction in new-exhausted systems is also observed. So titanium exhaust tube system wins over stainless steel.
With a mechanical engineering and acoustic requirement of exhaust systems, it is commercially known to industries that pure titanium sheets and tube, both are the best for use in pipe work and silencers. However, titanium is not suitable for the entire exhaust system but it should be used in main components only with a resistance of four hundred degree Celsius. One of the most-effective ways is to use titanium lugs welded to the pipe which is connected to the exhaust and further exhaust to the chases. The use of titanium metal in this case is limited due to less research and experimentation.
Trouble-Free Production and Economics:
The good thing is that titanium sheets and tubes can be welded and one can easily work on it in room temperature. Three points further explain trouble free production:
- It galls against un-lubricated forming tools
- Its elasticity limit is half of the steel
- The ductility is generally less than steel
A positive point known about titanium production from recent research is that technical tools and machines used for modification of steel can be easily used for titanium as well. This method will surely reduce the cost to bend, weld or produce titanium sheets and tubes.